Mazandaran, Iranians' Paradise on Earth
March 21 marks the start of Spring and the turn of the new Iranian year, and to celebrate the occassion we invite you to join us in an electronic tour of Iran with one province covered for you each day.
Today: Mazandaran Province
Mazandaran Province is a Caspian province in the north of Iran. Located on the Southern coast of the Caspian Sea, it is bordered clockwise by the Golestan, Semnan, Tehran, Alborz, Qazvin, and Gilan provinces. Sari is the largest and the capital city of Mazandaran province.
The province is geographically divided into two parts: the coastal plains, and the mountainous areas. The Alborz Mountain Range surrounds the coastal strip and plains of the Caspian Sea like a huge barrier.
There is often snowfall during most of the seasons in the Alborz regions, which run parallel to the Caspian Sea's southern coast, dividing the province into many isolated valleys.
Founded as province in 1937, Mazandaran was declared the second modern province after neighboring Gilan.
Some major cities include Ramsar, Chaloos, Tonekabon, Noor, Mahmoud Abad, Behshahr, Babol, Amol and Qaemshahr.
Handicrafts and Souvenirs of Mazandaran
Handicrafts in Mazandaran Province are, carpet, Gelim (or a coarse type of carpet), silk weaves, textile, Jajeem (or a type of loosely woven woolen material), earthenware vessels, wooden articles, vessels and statues, felt weaving, wicker work, bamboo products, silk and cotton cloths, crocheting, and other handicrafts. In addition to the above there are silk scarves and apparel, articles made of felt, mats and wood. Handicrafts are put on for sale usually at the entrance and exit points of the cities and thereby paint a pretty picture!
Local and Regional Foods, Mazandaran
The regional cuisine of Mazandaran Province offers a wide array of colorful dishes. Breakfast brings forth a variety of jams accompanied with the traditional types of bread, etc. Lunch and dinner display umpteen kinds of meat, vegetable, leafy vegetable dishes accompanied by pickles of all sorts. There are a variety of Aash or the traditional type of soup with vegetables and meat stock such as, Aash-e-kalam, Aash-e-kadu, Aash-e gilaki, Aash-e- aloo, torsh Aash etc. to name a few. A variety of kababs (grilled meat or poultry) such as kabab-e-mazandarani, seeka kabab, qaz kabab,(or duck kabab), tazeh kabab, heli kabab, kabab-e-mahi kafal (or a type of fish kabab) etc.; various types of kookoo (or a type of dish having a combination of eggs with vegetables, meat or fish) such as, kookoo badkubehyi, kookoo sabzi, baqala kookoo, kookoo gilani, kookoo mahi or fish etc.
A wide variety of fish dishes are also on the menu, including many kinds of curry with rice and condiments.
Local Music and Dances of Mazandaran
Music in this region relates to the life style of the inhabitants, and the melodies revolve around issues such as the forests, cultivation or farming activities and herding. The most famous dance of this area is the Qassem Abadi dance, not forgetting the stick dance that the men perform.
Darvazeh Pelleh Bridge
This brick made bridge spans over the Haraz River, in the city center of Amol, connecting the east of the city to the western sector. It is 120 m. in length. The arches rest on rectangular pillars which are at a distance of 6 m. from each other. In a section a break water has been erected. The same was constructed in the 18th century AD. and was brought under repair in the 19th century, by Mirza Shafi Mazandarani, a minister of Naseredin Shah. This bridge has played a role, not only towards the vitality of the city, but also in respect to its spectacular architectural effect. It is a land mark in the history of Mazandaran.
The same is a four-sided brick structure with a pyramid like shaped dome. On the door and wooden chest there in, are carved inscriptions with the date 925 AH. The text of the said inscriptions are related to Abu Mohammad Ebrahim, the offspring of Imam Moosa Kazem (AS).
Apart from the spectacular architectural techniques this structure displays, its wooden relics such as the chest and doors, adornments and inscriptions related to the Qajar period are interesting features. There is a written account of the arrival of Imamzadeh Ebrahim to Amol and his martyrdom here.
Amoloo Mineral Water Spring
The water from this spring can be used for drinking purposes, and is useful in treating gastro-intestinal disorders. The same can be used for skin diseases also. Being close to the Haraz River this vicinity has a beautiful landscape.
Babol and Amol Forests
This area with its elevated landscape and valleys has dense forests. Its tall hills overlook the plains and stretch out till the high slopes of the Damavand Mountains. The majestic and deep rocky valleys, rivers, numerous springs, elevated waterfalls, colorful vegetation, a variety of wild life, thermal springs, summer quarters, and rural settlements are some of the special factors which can prove attractive.
Baqe Shah (Safavi) Edifice and Garden
The municipality grounds of Behshahr city is the former Baq-e-Shah, reputedly known as Ashraf-ol-Belad of the Safavid period, which is full of fir trees and beautiful flowers. A new structure has been built on the ruins of the old one, well known as the 'Dewan Khaneh'. The length of this building is thrice the width.
This river takes its source in the Kandovan Mountains which is a part of the Alborz Mountain Range. After adjoining the Zanusi River and numerous other springs and waterfalls, and flowing through a few villages, it flows into the Caspian Sea. The river follows a beautiful course, right from its source till it reaches the sea. The Kandovan peak, Alam Kooh Summit, Hezar Cham Valley and springs, forests and lush green rice fields all create a glorious painting of nature in this region.
The banks of this river offer excellent recreational areas as well as fishing at leisure. It goes without saying that the Tehran-Chaloos Road is one of the most enhancing routes in Iran that can be unforgettable for the onlooker!
Takhte Soleiman and Kolarestan Mountains
The same forms natural borders between provinces of Mazandaran and Tehran. These mountains run in a west to east direction and envelop many peaks with elevations of more than 4,000 m. The tallest of these are the summits of Alam Kooh and Takht-e-Soleiman reaching the heights of 4,850 m. and 4,643 m. respectively. Gigantic and permanent glaciers are present in its southern valleys. The most important of these mountains are:
Alam Kooh Peak: This peak stands to the height of 4,850 m. From the north it joins the Shaneh Kooh Mountains, from the south it adjoins the Khersan peak and from east it connects to the Siyah Sang. To the west of its summit, is the glacier of Haft Khal and to its nothwest lies the glacier of Alam Chal, which is considered to be the largest and tallest mountainous barrier of Iran.
This mountain has two branches, reaching an elevation of 4,750 m. (one to the east, known as the eastern branch of the Alam Kooh, and the other to the west, known as the western branch of the Alam Kooh). There are four colossal glaciers on four fronts of this mountain.
Takhte-e-Soleiman Peak: Reaching a height of 4,643 m. joins the Siyah Gug peak to the north, and in the south adjoins the Shameh Kooh peak.
Khersan Peak: The said comprises of two peaks, the northern and southern ones that adjoin, at an elevation of 4,640 m. In the north, a pass by the same name connects it to the Alam Kooh summit. To the south, it adjoins the Minareh peak and to the east, is the Khersan glacier. This peak ranks third in comparison to elevation after the summits of Damavand and Sabalan.
Sialan Summit: The same is located in the south of the township of Tonekabon and its elevation being 4,250 m. The ascent to the said is from the verdant forests. From one side, the Sialan peak faces the sea, and from the other, the snow-clad mountains in the surroundings are visible. The skirts of which are furnished with red flowers and rhubarbs in spring and summer seasons.
Kandolos Museum and Culture House
The village of Kandolos, today called Mikhsar, nestles in the green slopes of the Alborz Mountain Ranges in the Kujur region of Mazandaran. The Cultural House of Kandolos is located on the hill overlooking the village of Kandolos. The construction of this structure began in 1981, and was completed in the year 1987. The founder of the said being Ali Asqar Jahangiri. The ultimate aim of this cultural house, was to collect all evidences and documents in this ancient village, and keep these in safe custody. The collection includes earthenware, coins, historical documents, books, hand written texts, relics related to anthropology such as, tools used in agriculture and animal husbandry, handicrafts, ornamental articles, local apparel and paintings.
Namakabrood is a touristic village in the Mazandaran province of Iran. Namakabrood has an aerial tramway which starts at the sea level near the shores of the Caspian Sea and ends on the top of the Alborz heights crossing dense forest area of northern Iran. There are numerous villa cities around it which form a vacation region for the people of Tehran.
Located 12 km from East Chalous is new Namakabrood township covering some 650 hectare area, with the Caspian sea on its north and Madoban (the Alborz) on its south. Approximately 200 hectare violet and box-tree parks made the area very spectacularly. Moreover, Madoban- the dense forest created a remarkably attractive landscape. The original plan was designed by consulting engineer; Mr. Dazz, Mr. Charkhab, Mr. Howard Homafari. Howard Homafari's report said that Chalous- Ramsar Road bisected the area - with the northern side of the road dedicated to building villas, and Hite hotel and Marina's suggested part and the related facility and apartment complex on its southern side.